“Ladder to the Moon”, Globe Inspired by O’Keefe

Looking through some art books recently, I was struck by how many paintings had ladders pointing toward the sky.

From the very early depiction of Jacob’s ladder from the 4th century Catacomb of the Via Latina.

catacomb via latina

To this painting from the french school,  c. 1490, interpreting the same story-

Art from the Christian tradition features the story of Jacob’s ladder as it is told in the Old Testament scriptures. It tells of a man’s vision of a supernatural world not visible to the human eye, but real nevertheless; a world where angels ascend and descend a heavenly stairway. Here’s a beautiful drawing, c. 1728, by Gerard Hoet

La escalera de Jacob, Gerard Hoet, Biblia Ilustrada, 1728

As the centuries have gone by, artists have continued to depict sky ladders, though the narrative is less clear. In modern art, ladders are often placed in ambiguous settings with no clear destination, such as in Anselm Keifer’s “Seraphim” from 1945-

seraphim by kiefer

Most recently in 2016, Chinese artist Cai Guo-Qiang’s “Sky Ladder”, used explosives and a giant balloon to give viewers a fiery visual stairway stretching up hundreds of feet overhead.


Guo-Qiang said :  ““…I want to make a ladder to connect the Earth to the universe.”

Is it a connection to the universe artists are seeking? Or to the unknown?

One of my favorite ladder pictures is by Georgia O’Keefe. In “Ladder to the Moon” (1958) there is no destination and the ladder itself is suspended in mid-air, disconnected from the ground. O’Keefe’s picture seems to be asking, “Is there something more?” and “Can we get there?”


Voices all around us tell us there is nothing beyond this physical world, and yet, most of us live as if there is. We interact with the world in such a way that affirms the existence of things that we cannot see: love, justice, mercy, hope, numbers, logic, etc. These things are evidence for a world beyond.

When I observe sky ladder art that was created out of the Christian tradition, I perceive a strong sense of certainty. The existence of the supernatural is a settled issue. In contrast, there are questions being asked in the modern depictions, and the viewers are given no answers.  Why do artists continue to paint sky ladders? Even the briefest study of art history makes this plain. They reveal the universal longing for immortality.

As a Christian, I believe there is a spiritual realm that is just as real as this one, and I identify with the artworks that depict a ladder firmly planted on the ground, in real space and time, with a sure destination at the top. Unfortunately, we can’t reach the supernatural realm by ladder, but the Bible tells us many things about what it is like and how we can get there when our lives here are complete. The words of the Psalmist still speak to those who are anxious about the future climb: “I sought the LORD, and He answered me, And delivered me from all my fears.” (Psalm 34:4).  Jesus Christ encouraged all who are searching for answers: “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.” (Matthew 7:7)

I wanted to alter this small globe as soon as I saw it on the clearance aisle! The paper was just torn a bit, so I tore it off completely and got out fiber paste medium and paints. I decided to use O’Keefe’s painting as my inspiration. It reminds me of the universal longing humans have for another world.  The desire for this world is so powerful, even the most ardent deniers, such as O’Keefe herself, cannot escape its pull. They hint at it in their compositions.

globe 7



IMG_8487IMG_8601globe 6 IMG_8604 globe 10 Have a blessed day and thanks for stopping by to see my art!

~Scarlettokeefe 6


  1. Oh Scarlett, I love this! What a beautiful job you’ve made of altering the globe. It just shows that however damaged and beaten up something looks, it can have a new lease of life (a picture of us being saved by Jesus, too!!). I love what you have written about sky ladders and the thoughts you shared. My hubby always talks about Jacob’s ladder, and how throughout history angels were always on the move, ascending and descending for various reasons, but at the moment of Jesus’ resurrection, the angels were in the tomb, seated – no longer in motion – and he says it is as if at that moment, heaven came down and touched the earth and they became one! I love this picture.

    Thank you for sharing such a lovely post, and may the Lord bless you today!

    PS I’m so glad I found your blog.

    • I’m so glad you enjoyed this post, Shoshi. Isn’t Jacob’s Ladder an amazing story? I love what your husband said, I’d never thought about the moment at the tomb in that way, very interesting. Thanks for sharing that and thanks so much for your encouragement, have a blessed weekend.

  2. Pingback: “Ladder To The Moon,” Globe Inspired By Georgia O’Keefe – Women in Apologetics

  3. Hi Scarlett – that’s just lovely … and so clever – I love how you create ideas … excellent.

    I thought you might be interested in Anna’s work … she’s a cousin once removed … ie my cousin’s daughter …

    I’m in Canada on Vancouver Island for a couple of years … being with an elderly cousin …

    Love to you and the family – Hilary

    • Hi Hilary, So nice to hear from you! I hope you’re having a wonderful time in Canada and seeing many new educational sights! Blessings to you and your cousin during this season ~Scarlett

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