The Metaphysics of Van Til in Pen and Paint




Cornelius Van Til was a professor at Westminister Theological Seminary for 43 years.  These art pieces attempt to give visual reference to his metaphysical views regarding theism and atheism.

“Van Til . . . always taught that a Christian worldview should be represented by two circles (for Creator and creature), clearly distinct from one another, with the larger one (representing God) on top.  One circle alone referred to the non-Christian worldview, in which man and God (if he exists) are on the same level, part of one reality.”
— John Frame, Cornelius Van Til:  An Analysis of His Thought, (Phillipsburg, NJ:  Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1995), p. 27.


Here is my attempt to show Van Til’s “Creator-Creature” distinctions in paint and pen.  And if you’re thinking they are nothing more than extravagant flash-cards, you’re right! I can say one thing for creating art about philosophical concepts: It helps me remember them for class!
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Easy Drawing Activity for Kids- Pantry Favorites


I asked my young artist to pick his favorite things from the pantry for this easy drawing activity. Of course, he picked all the junk food! We set up the items on some white paper and put a large sheet in the background to eliminate visual distractions. This was challenging and fun!  He did a great job looking closely at the lines and deciding which details to include.  He chose colored pencils to add color to his drawing, and when it was finished,  he promptly dismantled the arrangement and had a snack!  :)


Thanks for stopping by!
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Wings of Many Colors


On my recent visit to the Getty Museum in Los Angeles, California, I saw colorful wings!

Many pieces of art in the medieval and Renaissance galleries feature angels with rainbow colored wings and feathers of many hues.  I was immediately inspired by these gorgeous pieces. Here are some of the photos I took during my visit. I hope they inspire you, too!
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Red Violins


I’m still experimenting with glass painting.

These prints were created by painting quickly onto a piece of glass with acrylic paint, and then printing the image onto Bristol vellum.


The first one wound up looking a bit scant so I tried it again, brushing the paint more thickly onto the glass.

Here’s the second one, framed.

Thanks for stopping by to look at my art! ~Scarlett
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Consider “Book From the Sky” by Xu Bing


Xu Bing was 11 years old when the Cultural Revolution began in China. He grew up in a land hostile to the printed word. Countless books were burned and reading was discouraged, unless it was Chairman Mao’s Little Red Book.  His parents were both employed at the University of Beijing, were deemed “reactionaries”, and imprisoned.  Young Xu Bing was saved by words. He had demonstrated exceptional skill in calligraphy and typography, so instead of being imprisoned with his parents, he was put to work in a propoganda office copying characters on posters, signs, and leaflets.

During the revolution, Mao Zedong attempted to transform Chinese culture by mutilating the language. The language reforms had two objectives: To make the written language more accessible to common people, and to bring Chinese into relations with other languages. Xu Bing has described how difficult this was for him, as he had already learned thousands of Chinese characters and acquired a deep respect for his native tongue. By dictate, he was required to abandon many characters he knew and to learn new ones.[1] Words were used as weapons during the revolution and it’s not difficult to surmise how Xu Bing’s mistrust of language may have developed during this time.

After the revolution came to an end in 1976, there was a resurgence of creativity in China. Western books and ideas flooded in.  Xu Bing compares this time to, “…a person who was starving who gorges on too much food…the result was confusion and discomfort.”[2] By 1985, the New Wave art movement liberated artistic expression and brought new opportunities for avant-garde art groups. Taking advantage of the new liberties afforded him as an artist, Xu Bing exhibited in the China/Avant Gard show in Beijing in 1988. Initially, his work was well received, but a few months later, the massacre at Teinanman Square resulted in renewed suppression by the government. Xu Bing’s work was singled out for criticism and “Book From the Sky” was denounced as nihilistic and obscene. At that time, Xu Bing considered it prudent to leave China and emigrated to the United States in 1990.

Now consider “Book From the Sky”.  It’s a large installation composed of books, scrolls, and wall panels covered in a text that Xu Bing created himself. The viewer is surrounded by a text that can not be read.  Chinese speakers become frustrated, finding themselves unable to decode the characters. Non-Chinese speakers will be fooled, thinking the text is real Chinese.

What does it mean? Do not trust words. They mean nothing.


“Book From the Sky” can be interpreted as an intentional strike at the west. In the introductory pages of his exhibition catalog (footnoted below) Xu Bing shares his opinion that our respect for language is a barrier that stifles new ideas. The title of this installation can also be translated “Book from the Heavens” and it does not take an extended leap of interpretation to see the subversive condemnation of sacred texts, as well. “Book from the Sky” asserts that heaven does not have anything meaningful to tell us. From his catalog we learn that Xu Bing is enthralled with the writings of Nietzsche and Wittgenstsein.[3]  Nietzshe is best remembered for announcing, “God is dead”, but in his essay “Goodness and the Will to Power” he also wrote,”What is more harmful than any vice? Practical sympathy and pity for all the failures and all the weak: Christianity.”[4] Chew on the fact that one of Xu Bing’s favorite authors said Christianity is more harmful than any vice. Let that inform your understanding of his work. The philosopher, Ludwig Wittgenstein, claimed that language is nothing more than a social phenomenon.[5] The connection between Wittgenstein’s ideas and Xu Bing’s “Book From The Sky” is inescapable.

In the catalog of his work entitled, “Words Without Meaning, Meaning Without Words”, Xu Bing reveals ideas that seem problematic.  Regarding “Book from the Sky” he says, “I want to remind people that culture restricts them.”[6] Surprisingly, a few pages later he claims that, “People and pigs are the same, except culture has changed people.”[7] According to Xu Bing, culture is the only thing separating us from uncultured swine.  If that is true, it hardly seems desirable to cast aside our culture, however restrictive it may be.

Discrediting the relevance of language, he simultaneously draws us into language games.  Let’s be honest. Without words we cannot talk about how meaningless his text is can we?  He says words cannot describe his art and yet, here we are, using words to describe it.[8]  Unfortunately, Xu Bing has been defeated by his own game. Listen to what he says concerning the myriad interpretations of his own work that he’s offered over the years: “I find it more and more difficult to answer questions that the work raises. By offering many different readings, I found myself in a new predicament. It’s as if I turned a simple situation into a more complicated one, falling into a bottomless pit of questions, a culture trap.”[9]  It is possible that the trap he refers to is one of his own making. When you say something different about your work every time you’re asked, it’s hard to remember what it was about in the first place.

Aesthetically, the installation is impressive. Line, light, shadow, and form combine together in an expanse of contemplative content. However, after researching the artist and his work, “Book from the Sky” raises serious questions.

How is the message in “Book From the Sky” any different from the propoganda of Chairman Mao?  Mao deliberately debased the meaning in the Chinese language, and in doing so, damaged the culture. By suggesting that the west abandon its valuation of language, isn’t Xu Bing attempting to damage our culture, as well?

Most importantly, if we eliminate meaning in our language, what will we replace it with? Intuition?  Oinking?

I’m not sure the west is ready for Xu Bing’s cultural liberation.



                [1] “Words Without Meaning, Meaning Without Words: The Art of Xu Bing,” Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (University of Washington Press: Seattle and London, 2001), 33.

                [2] Ibid, 14.

                [3] Ibid, 35.

                [4] Louis J. Pojman, Ethical Theory: Classical and Contemporary Readings (Belmont, CA: Thomson Learning, 2007), 162.

                [5] R. Scott Smith, In Search of Moral Knowledge, Overcoming the Fact-Value Dichotomy (Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press), 182.

                [6] Ibid, 58.

                [7] Ibid, 62.

                [8] Ibid, 46.

                [9] Letter from Xu Bing to Michael Sullivan (September 1997): quoted in “The art of Xu Bing: Words without Meaning, Meaning without Words”, (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, 2001), 52.